gel-2 and gʷel-

    gel-2 and gʷel-
    English meaning: to devour
    Deutsche Übersetzung: “verschlingen”
    Note: the form with gʷ presumably after Osthoff IF. 4, 287, Zupitza Gutt. 86 through hybridization from gel- with gʷer-.
    Material: A. certainly gel- in: O.Ir. gelid “ consumes, eats, grazes “, gaile ‘stomach”; O.Corn. ghel, Welsh gel, Bret. gélaouen “ bloodsucker, leech “, O.Ir. gelit ds. (participle f. in -n̥tī); O.H.G. kela, O.E. ceole “throat, gorge, ravine, gulch, prow, bow of a ship” (*kelōn-), ceolor, O.H.G. celur m. “gullet”; O.Ice. kjǫlr m. (*kelu-) “ the keel of a ship “, M.L.G. kel, kil, Eng. keel ds.; with g-extension O.H.G. kelah, -uh “ throat infection “, O.N. kjalki m. “mandible, lower jaw bone, jaw (also hand sledge)”; zero grade Dan. kulk “gullet, throat”, M.L.G. kolk, kulk, O.Fris. kolk m. “ water hole “ (Ger. Kolk), O.E. cylcan, Ger. dial. kölken, kolksen “ belch, spit”, as Ltv. gulgâtiês “ belch, vomit “ (Mũhlenbach-Endzelin I 678), wherewith slovak. glg “gulp, pull” perhaps is connected (onomatopoeic word?). compare with other extension Swe. dial. kulp “gulp”, Nor. kulp “ water hole “, N.Ger.kolpen, kũlpsen “ throw open, open quickly and forcibly; eruct, belch”. Maybe Alb. qelb “pus”: O.H.G. kelah, -uh “ throat infection “ B. certainly gʷel- only in Gk.: δέλεαρ, -ατος “bait” (*δέλε-Fαρ); besides δεῖλαρ (Callim.) from *δέλ-Fαρ from the monosyllabic basis, and Eol. βλῆρ from *βλη-Fαρ from the heavy root form *gʷ(e)lē-; δέλε-τρον “bait”, δέλος n. ds.; βλωμός “morsel, mouthful, bread” (*gʷlō-); κα-βλέ-ει, κατα-βλέ-θει καταπίνει Hes. from the root form *gʷ(e)le-, also βλέορον (correctly βλέθρον?) βάθος, δεσμωτήριον Hes. (“βάραθρον”, Fick BB. 29, 196), βλέ-τυες αἱ βδέλλαι Hes.; compare Schwyzer Gk. I 519; in guttural ambiguous: Lat. gula (*gʷelü?) f. “ the gullet, weasand, throat “, compare in vowel Arm. klanem, Aor. 3. sg. ekul “devour, swallow up, engulf, consume, gobble up, eat hastily “, whereas -u- after all could be a result of Labiovelars; *gʷl̥ -tó-s based on *glut-ós, would be assumed from O.C.S. *glъtati (Russ. gɫotátь) ‘swallow, gulp”, *glъtъ “gullet”, Russ. gɫot, gɫotók “gulp, mouthful “, Cz. hlt; compare also Lat. *gluō, the base of ingluviēs “throat, voraciousness, appetite, gluttony, greediness “, glūtus “gullet”, glūtiō “ swallow, devour “, glūt/t/ō, -ōnis “ gormandizer, gourmand, voracious eater “. Maybe Alb. (*(*gʷelü) gjellë “dish, food” [common Alb. shift l > ll].
    References: WP. I 621, WH. I 612 f., 625 f., Trautmann 93.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • gʷelbh- —     gʷelbh     English meaning: womb; young of animal     Deutsche Übersetzung: “Gebärmutter; Tierjunges”     Material: O.Ind. gárbha ḥ, Av. garǝwa “womb, Leibesfrucht”, gǝrǝbuš n. “Tierjunges”; O.Ind. sá garbhya ḥ “eodem utero natus” (= Gk.… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • gʷer-1, gʷerǝ- —     gʷer 1, gʷerǝ     English meaning: to devour; throat     Deutsche Übersetzung: “verschlingen, Schlund”     Material: 1. O.Ind. giráti, giláti, gr̥ṇüti “devours” (Fut. gariṣyati, participle gīrṇ a “verschlungen”; gír (in compounds)… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • ghoilo-s —     ghoilo s     English meaning: foaming; turbulent; roaming     Deutsche Übersetzung: “aufschäumen(d); heftig; ũbermũtig, ausgelassen, lustig”     Note: Root ghoilo s : foaming; turbulent; roaming, derived from Root gʷel 1 : to stick; pain,… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

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